What do the B vitamins do? Vitamins and minerals are chemical compounds that condition the proper functioning of every body. They perform many functions, which determine the proper functioning and maintaining good physical and mental health.
A healthy, balanced diet ensures an adequate supply of vitamins, and in extreme cases, when there are vitamin deficiencies – supplementation with specialized pharmacological agents.
Long-term vitamin deficiency can have obvious effects, such as depressed mood, weakened immunity, general fatigue and dysfunction of individual organs. Vitamin B is one of the most important vitamins that greatly affects the proper functioning of the nervous system.
Substances from group B relieve nervous tension, dramatically improving the mood and the ability to absorb information. What other roles do B vitamins play in the body? How does it work and what is its function? What caused its deficiency?
B vitamins – what is worth knowing?
B vitamins are natural compounds. They are characterized by good solubility in water, which increases their absorption into the blood. This group consists of many different vitamins, numbered from 1 to 12. Each of them has a different role, so deficiencies can manifest themselves in other diseases. B vitamins include:
Riboflavin – B2,
Niacin – B3 or PP,
Pantothenic Acid – B5,
Pyridoxine – B6,
Folic Acid – B9,
Cobalamin – B12.
Their main purpose is to support the work of the nervous system and mental health. This is due to their active participation in the process of assimilation of carbohydrates. They allow for the efficient conversion of glucose into energy and its direct delivery to all nerve cells.
In addition, they perform many other functions, depending on the specific type of vitamin B. A
balanced diet rich in a variety of nutrients ensures adequate levels of B vitamins.
B vitamins are found in the following foods:
- various nuts and seeds
- legumes, especially legumes,
- eggs and dairy
- vegetable soy milk,
The role of B vitamins
The main task of B vitamins is to affect the nervous system of the human body. However, depending on the type of substance, they also perform other functions that can keep you in good physical shape.
Thiamine significantly affects the proper functioning of the cardiovascular system, improving its work and enabling proper blood flow. Its presence also regulates the proper growth and development of bone building materials. It is also important to supplement it additionally during shingles.
Riboflavin is a substance that is sufficiently resistant to pathogens attacking the human body. In addition, it ensures the proper condition of hair, skin and nails. Its tasks also include supporting vision and infections of the tongue and oral mucosa.
Niacin, i.e. vitamin PP, is very important for maintaining the proper synthesis of sex hormones, as it actively participates in the production of sex hormones. In addition, its presence allows you to eliminate the symptoms of mental disorders, such as schizophrenia.
Pantothenic acid is responsible for the proper transformation of energy management, e.g. the synthesis of fatty acids or cholesterol. The presence of vitamin B5 also helps in the more efficient production of red blood cells and bile.
Pyridoxine is a very important substance belonging to the group of B vitamins, the adequate supply of which is necessary for the transformation and absorption of protein and other vitamins and minerals. In addition, it is necessary for the normal production of hemoglobin, the blood pigment. The presence of B6 allows you to lower blood pressure and eliminate leg cramps.
Biotin enables the synthesis of various compounds, such as fatty acids. In addition, it determines the proper growth and full development of the body. Adequate levels of vitamin B7 can eliminate skin imperfections such as acne and prevent excessive hair loss.
Folic acid is a substance that especially pregnant women should supplement. Vitamin B9 affects the synthesis of DNA, which determines the proper division of cells. In addition, it greatly affects the work of the nervous system by participating in the synthesis of neurotransmitters.
Cobalamin affects the work of many organs and processes in the body. Its main task is to support the nervous and immune systems. In addition, the production of red blood cells and the prevention of anemia depend on its presence.
Ensuring an appropriate level of the complex of B vitamins ensures the production of the right amount of energy for the efficient operation of the body, especially the nervous system. Each vitamin works in slightly different ways, so it’s important to eat a healthy diet that includes the right foods rich in B vitamins.